Isabelle Haller



Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
Statistics:
  • About 43000 people in the United States are diagnosed with Leukemia each year.
  • Around 6000 of those cases are Acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • ALL is the most common type of cancer in children
  • ALL is most common between the ages 2 and 4
  • Chances of recovery are good in children, but not as good in adults
  • 5 year survival rate is 80%
Facts about Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL):
external image 230px-Acute_leukemia-ALL.jpg

  • ALL is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow
  • ALL affects white blood cells called lymphocytes
  • “Acute” means the disease develops rapidly, often being fatal within a few months.
  • It affects immature blood cells
  • ALL can spread to other parts of the body. Some of these parts of the body are the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, brain, spinal cord, and testicles.
Symptoms:
  • Fever
  • Fatigue, feeling of weakness, decrease in energy
  • Unintentional weight loss, loss of appetite
  • Easy bruising or bleeding, unexplained nose bleeds
  • Shortness of breath
  • Petechiae (tiny red spots under the skin caused by bleeding)
  • Lumps caused by swollen lymph glands
  • Anemia
  • Pale skin
  • Night sweats
  • Bone or joint pain
  • Recurring infections
  • Bleeding from the gums
Risk Reduction: Risk factors include previous cancer treatment, exposure to high levels of radiation (survivors of a nuclear reactor accident), genetic disorders, and having a sister of brother with ALL. None of these risk factors can be avoided so risk reduction doesn’t apply.
Diagnostic tests:
  • Blood tests
  • Bone marrow test
  • Imaging test
  • Spinal fluid test
Treatment
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted drug therapy
  • Stem Cell Transplant
  • Rarely radiation and surgery may be used
Resources:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/acute-lymphocytic-leukemia/DS00558
http://www.mdanderson.org/patient-and-cancer-information/cancer-information/cancer-types/leukemia/index.html?cmpid=google_leukemia_all_ppc&gclid=CI-Z3ZyAma4CFYmK4AodJCgWIg
http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/Leukemia-AcuteLymphocyticALLinAdults/DetailedGuide/leukemia-acute-lymphocytic-what-is-all
http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/LeukemiainChildren/DetailedGuide/leukemia-in-children-detailed-guide-toc