Brain TumorsStatistics and Facts:
According to the American Cancer Society, in 2012: -about 22,910 malignant brain/spinal cord tumors will be diagnosed
-about 13,700 people will die from these tumors

The chance that a person will develop a malignant brain/spinal cord tumor in his/her life is less than 1%.
Brain tumors are the leading cause of solid tumor cancer death in children under the age of 20. The long-term survival rate (over 5 years) for people with primary brain cancer varies from less than 10% to about 32% despite aggressive treatments.

Types of Brain Tumors: external image brain-tumor-mri-scan.jpgThere are more than 120 types of brain tumors.
Primary cancer is developed in the brain.Metastatic cancer begins elsewhere in the body and spreads to the brain. Specific brain tumors include:gliomasastrocytomas medulloblastomasmeningiomas gangliogliomasschwannomascraniopharyngiomas
Symptoms: Not all types of brain tumors cause symptoms.
Symptoms are numerous and can be much like those caused from more common illnesses. Symptoms can be caused by: -tumors pressing against other structures of the brain and preventing them from functioning properly -swelling in the brain Symptoms include: -headache, nausea, difficulty walking or speaking, clumsiness, seizures, abnormal vision, changes in concentration, memory, attention, or alertness Symptoms are similar for men, women, and children.
Diagnosis:
CT scan of the brain using injected die to highlight abnormal areas MRI scan Tumor biopsy -Only way to know if the tumor is a cancer growth. -The most common type is the craniotomy which is surgically opening the skull and removing the entire tumor if possible. -Stereotactic biopsy is used with a CT scan or MRI to remove part of the tumor without opening the skull.
Treatment:
Treatment depends on the patient’s age and overall health as well as the tumor’s location, size, grade, and type.
The three most common treatments are: -surgery
-chemotherapy
-radiation therapy

Many times more than one treatment is used.
Patients may receive medication to reduce swelling in the brain or prevent seizures.
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Risk Factors: Family history (only in a few cases)
Presence of immune system disordersExposure to radiation and chemicals
Prevention:
Very difficult to prevent because there is no known cause.
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Avoid radiation to the head Avoid toxic chemicalsAvoid HIV infection
Resources: http://www.cancer.org
http://www.emedicinehealth.com http://www.abta.org
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