Brian Frino

Kidney Cancer Video



Kidney Cancer
Statistics
-Kidney cancer, also known as Renal Cell Carcinoma, is the tenth most common form of cancer in the world.
-Its rate of incidence (patients diagnosed per 100,000 people) is much higher in the developed world than in the developing world.
-Kidney Cancer is typically an older cancer with the median age among people diagnosed with Kidney cancer among all races at 64 years of age, while in the United States its 71 years of age.
-The incidence rate for all races is about double for men over women (20 men to 10.2 women per 100,000 people). This is the case in the United States as well with about 5.9 cases in men per 100,000 compared to 2.7 cases in women per 100,000.
The Facts about Kidney Cancer
-The purpose of the Kidney is to filter the blood.
-The Kidney’s basic structure consists of the small tubes called nephrons where blood is actually filtered, and the renal pelvis where the urine created by filtering the blood empties into.
-Kidney Cancer is often brought on due to a number of factors. The most common causes are genetics, smoking, obesity, dialysis, Hepatitis C, and treatments for previous cancers such as testicular or cervical cancer.
-Kidney Cancer is often very hard to detect because of the relative absence of symptoms in the early stages.
-There are two types of Kidney Cancer, both of which are very deadly because of the usual late stage diagnosis:
- Renal Cell Carcinoma- Most common form of Kidney cancer it develops in the nephrons
-Renal Pelvis Carcinoma- Less common and it develops in the renal pelvis tissue
Diagnosis and Treatment
-Doctors feel the abdomen and sides for tumors while also testing the urine for blood and the blood for any higher than normal amount of a substance indicating the kidneys are not doing their jobs.
-A CAT Scan, Ultrasound, Intravenous Pyelogram and Biopsy may also be used to identify whether a tumor is present.
-A pyelogram is much like an angioplasty. A doctor injects a dye through an artery to see the flow of blood through the kidney. Anything abnormal that shows up can likely be the cause of a tumor.
-To treat the disease a doctor will often perform surgery to remove the growth. If it has spread to other parts of the Kidney, a Nephrectomy, the removal of the entire kidney, may be preformed.
-Chemotherapy and radiation are not often used because the cancer usually doesn’t respond to it
-Arterial Embolization and Biological Therapy are often used in conjunction with therapy
-Arterial Embolization is a process that uses a catheter injected into the renal artery which is snaked into the Kindey where a substance is released that blocks blood from entering the kidney which keeps the tumor from receiving any more nutrients.
Symptoms
-Blood in the urine
-Weight loss
-A persistent pain in the abdomen
-Fever
-A lump in the side of the abdomen
-Fatigue
Risk Reduction
-Avoid smoking
-Eat healthy
-Maintain a healthy blood pressure
-Avoid asbestos and cadmium
Resources
-http://www.medicinenet.com
-http://www.cancer.gov
-http://www.wikipedia.org