Emeline Buchman

http://prezi.com/cxkjxkv-d2lo/wilms-tumor/


Statistics:
  • About 500 new cases each year
  • Occurs mostly in young children
  • Wilms Tumor is responsible for 5% of cancers in children
  • Survival rate decreases as the cancer progresses, but only from 99% to 86% in favorable histology. The numbers are less reassuring with unfavorable histology. The numbers for those go from 87% in Stage I to 38% in Stage IV.

Symptoms:
  • Abdominal painkidney_cancer_program_2_0.jpg
  • Constipation
  • Fever
  • Discomfort or uneasiness
  • High blood pressure
  • Increased growth limited to one side of the body
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Abdonimal hernia causing swelling in the abdomen
  • Vomiting

Facts:
  • Known as nephroblastoma
  • Wilms Tumor is the cancer of the kidney
  • Usually occurs in children under the age of 8
  • Most often occurs in only one kidney
  • Most common cancer of the kidneys in children
  • Tumor is believed to start forming when the fetus is developing in the womb, with some cells forming to be part of the kidney malfunctioning and forming a tumor

Diagnosis:
A number of tests may be used to diagnose:
  • Abdominal ultrasound
  • Abdominal x-ray
  • Blood test
  • Chest x-ray
  • Complete blood count
  • Creatinine
  • Creatinine clearance
  • CT scan of the abdomen
  • Intervenous pyelogram
  • Urinalysis

Treatment:
  • After the doctor determines which stage the tumor is in, surgery is scheduled as soon as possible to avoid letting the tumor continue growing
  • Depending on the size and stage, the surrounding tissues and organs may removed along with the tumor
  • Radiation therapy and chemotherapy is often used after surgery, depending on the stage of the tumor
Risk Reduction:
The only way to reduce the risk of the spreading of this tumor is for children with a known risk of getting it to get screened regularly with ultrasound of the kidneys.

Resources:
http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/WilmsTumor/DetailedGuide/wilms-tumor-survival-rates
http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/WilmsTumor/DetailedGuide/wilms-tumor-key-statistics
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002542/
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/wilms-tumor/DS00436
http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/kidney/wilms.html