Julia Loria

Liver CancerLiver_cancer_Ribon.jpg


Statistics

  • Liver Cancer is more common in men than women
  • Average age of diagnosis is 63
  • About 28,720 cases of liver cancer will be diagnoses this year (2012)
  • About 20,550 people will die this year from Liver cancer (2012)
  • The five year survival rate for patients with liver cancer is 14%

Facts

  • Many people develop liver cancer have had cirrhosis (scar tissue formed by damage to the liver)
  • Main types of liver cancer are hepatocellular (cancer of the hepatocytes) and cholangiocarcinoma (cancer of the bile duct cells)
  • Liver Cancer often starts in another organ such as lung, colon, breast, or stomach and spreads to the liver
  • Stages:
Liver_Cnacer_2.jpg

Symptoms
  • Yellowing of skin and eyes
  • Nausea/ vomiting
  • Enlarged Liver
  • Enlarged Spleen
  • Itchy skin
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swelling or fluid build up in abdomenSigns_of_Liver_cancer.jpg

Diagnosis

  • Liver cancer is hard to detect early because a small tumor is normally blocked by the rib cage
  • Ultra sounds are used to look for a mass on the liver
  • CT scans are used to see size, shape, and position of a tumor
  • MRI also provides images of tumor by using radio waves and strong magnets
  • Angiography helps decide where to proceed by using an x-ray looking at dyed blood vessels to show blood flow to the liver

Treatment

  • Surgery (partial hepatectomy or liver transplant)
  • Other local treatments, such as ablation or embolization
  • Radiation therapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Risk Reduction

  • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • Exercise often to keep hormone levels balanced
  • Avoid processed meats
  • Get vaccinated for Hepatitis B
  • Do not smoke
  • Have a Milk Thistle supplement which is an herb used for liver health


external image SIR_torso_liver_cancer_2.jpg




Resources

http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/LiverCancer/DetailedGuide/index

http://www.liversupport.com/wordpress/2010/12/seven-ways-to-reduce-liver-cancer-risk/

http://www.cancercenter.com/liver-cancer.htm


Presentation on Liver Cancer: